The filed of Psychology is full of common academic jargon. We provide definitions to common concepts and ideas found on the Finding My Psych website and podcast.
What is intermittent fasting?
The act of fasting goes back centuries, practiced for both health and spiritual purposes. Enthusiasts promote the practice as healing and life changing. Others see it as an extreme form of dieting leading to eating disorder. At Finding My Psych, we consider fasting, when done in consultation with a healthcare provider, as restorative.
The intermittent approach to fasting recommends specific fasting and eating time-frames depending on the effect you are looking for. The most popular method is the 16:8 approach. In 16:8, you fast for sixteen hours, and then consume regular daily calories in an eight hour feeding window.
What is Psychodynamics?
The theory of Psychodynamics was created by Sigmund Freud in the late 1800s. Psychodynamics refers to the interplay between the Id, Ego, and Super-Ego, unconscious forces at play, that when in extreme conflict results in disorder. Psychoanalysis was a popular approach designed to both discover and treat the mental disorders of his time.
Application to Clinical Depression
From Freud's perspective, clinical depression was caused by unexpressed anger believed to be unacceptable by the individual. The anger thus becomes, 'turned inwards' through a process called repression. An individual struggling with an over active super-ego (e.g., internal parent), feels shame for the anger they experience towards another. They then repress this anger, energy that is then expressed as depression.
What is agoraphobia?
Agoraphobia is classified as an anxiety disorder by the American Psychiatric Association. It is characterized by the avoidance of places and/or situations that may cause acute panic, or a feeling of being trapped without a way out.
The antecedent to agoraphobia is panic. At one time or another, the individual experienced a panic attack in public. The humiliating nature of such an event can quickly lead to fear of it occurring again. At its worst, individuals feel unable to leave their home due to anticipatory anxiety of what might happen if they were out in public.
**For further reading, head on over to, "Defining Agoraphobia - Treatment and Prevention Considerations"
What is Behavioural Medicine?
Behavioural Medicine is a clinical approach within the field of Health Psychology made up of physicians, counsellors, social workers, and nurses. Behavioural Medicine is an interdisciplinary approach interested in the bio-psycho-social and spiritual nature of health concerns.
Specialists work in research, healthcare administration, public health, and direct care delivery in clinical settings. They are usually called upon in order to provide a comprehensive assessment for complicated clinical presentations as part of an interdisciplinary team for long range treatment planning.
What is anhedonia?
Anhedonia is one of several neurovegetative symptoms of Major Depression. Anhedonia refers the sense that you no longer enjoy participating in activities that once brought you joy. In general, anhedonia is considered as a poor prognostic indicator and tends not to respond to medication management. It is often associated with psycho-motor retardation and a strong sense of apathy.
What is clinical depression?
Clinical depression is common language used between healthcare professionals to describe the syndrome clinically referred to as Major Depression. Those diagnosed with Major Depression are further noted in the diagnostic criteria (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) as being:
- Mild vs. Moderate vs Severe
- Single Episode vs Recurrent
(e.g., Major Depression, Servere, Recurrent)
The most common symptoms of Major Depression include changes in appetite, cognitive disturbance, persistent low mood, a strong sense of hopelessness and and/or helplessness, etc. Some experience thoughts of not wanting to live anymore.